Paris, França. O amigo Getulio Ferreira acabou de criar uma galeria com minhas fotos noturnas pelo Brasil. Segue o link para a galeria e para o photostream do amigo. Obrigadão! O Brasil em Imagens Noturnas pelas Lentes de Ruy Barbosa por Getulio Ferreira Outras galerias exclusivamente de fotos noturnas: perfect night shots by Ruy por Sandra Pagano Night shots in world by Ruy Barbosa por Dani Gama About the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel The Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel is a triumphal arch in Paris, France. It is located on the Place du Carrousel, within the precincts of the Palais du Louvre and was commissioned in 1806 to commemorate Napoleon's military victories of the previous year. The more famous, and nearby, Arc de Triomphe was designed in the same year, but took 30 years longer to build and is about twice as big. The monument is 63 feet (19 m) high, 75 feet (23 m) wide, and 24 feet (7.3 m) deep. The 21 feet (6.4 m) high central arch is flanked by two smaller ones, 14 feet (4.3 m) high. Around its exterior are eight Corinthian columns of granite, topped by eight soldiers of the Empire. In the attic between the soldiers, bas-reliefs depict: * the Arms of the Kingdom of Italy with figures representing History and the Arts * the Arms of the French Empire with Victory, Fame, History and Abundance * Wisdom and Strength holding the arms of the Kingdom of Italy, accompanied by Prudence and Victory. Napoleon's diplomatic and military victories are commemorated by bas-reliefs executed in rose marble, depicting the Peace of Pressburg, Napoleon entering Munich, Napoleon entering Vienna, the Battle of Austerlitz, the Tilsit Conference, and the surrender of Ulm. Reliefs also decorate the arches. Designed by Charles Percier and Pierre Léonard Fontaine, the arch was built between 1806 and 1808 by the Emperor Napoleon I on the model of the Arch of Constantine I (312 AD) in Rome. It was originally surmounted by the famous horses of Saint Mark's Cathedral in Venice, captured by Napoleon, but these were returned to Venice in 1815. They were replaced by a quadriga sculpted by Baron François Joseph Bosio, depicting Peace riding in a triumphal chariot led by gilded Victories on both sides. The composition commemorates the Restoration of the Bourbons following Napoleon's downfall. The Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel is at the easternmost end of the so-called Axe historique ("grand historic axis") of Paris, a nine-kilometre-long linear route which dominates central and western Paris. Looking west, the arch is perfectly aligned with the obelisk in the Place de la Concorde, the Champs-Élysées, the Arc de Triomphe and (although it is not directly visible from the Place du Carrousel) the Grande Arche de la Defense. The axis thus begins and ends with an arch. At the time the Arc du Carrousel was made, however, Place du Carrousel fronted the central block of the Palais des Tuileries (Tuileries Palace), whose long range blocked off the axial view which originally began from the Tuileries' central garden axis on the farther, west-facing side. When the Tuileries was burnt down during the Paris Commune (1870) and its ruins swept away, the present great axis was opened.